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Common Core State Standards
Introduction to Common Core State Standards
The CCSS are for all students K-12 in Mathematics and English Language Arts, Literacy in History/Social Studies, and Science and Technical Subjects. College and Career Readiness (CCR) standards anchor the cross-disciplinary literacy expectations that must be met by students to be prepared to enter the college and workforce training programs. CCR standards identify the Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening, and Language skills necessary for students to succeed. As outlined in the CCSS for ELA, students who are College and Career Ready can:
- Demonstrate independence
- Build strong content knowledge
- Respond to the varying demands of audience, task, purpose, and discipline
- Comprehend as well as critique
- Value evidence
- Use technology and digital media strategically and capably
- Come to understand other perspectives and cultures
The standards stem from a nationwide initiative to set a clear and consistent progression of learning across all states. These kindergarten through 12th grade standards provide a progression of knowledge and skills that prepare students to graduate from high school and be ready for college and careers. The standards are research-based and internationally benchmarked.
The Rocklin Unified School District is excited about these new standards which will provide rich learning opportunities for our students. Standards define the concepts and skills that every child will learn. Our teachers are being trained and prepared to teach students to meet these new expectations.
Parents may notice the effects of the Common Core State Standards. One example is that, over time, students will be able to read, comprehend and analyze more sophisticated text. A teacher may encourage your child to choose books that are written at a more challenging level. Also, you may notice more frequent writing assignments. Assignments are more likely to include writing within core subjects of science and history/social science. In mathematics, parents may see their students making drawings or models to illustrate or demonstrate their solutions to problems. While the learning of math facts (for instance, “times tables”) is still important, students will spend more time working through a solution to a “real-life” problem rather than repeatedly practicing the same type of problem. (A “real-life” problem might involve designing alternative shapes for a rabbit pen enclosure if given a limited amount of fencing.)
The way we taught students in the past does not sufficiently prepare them for the higher demands of college and careers today and in the future. Your school, and schools throughout the country, are working to improve teaching and learning to ensure that all children will graduate from high school with the skills they need to be successful.
Don’t be afraid to reach out to your child’s teacher. You are an important part of your child’s education. Ask to see a sample of your child’s work or bring a sample with you. Ask the teacher questions like:
- Where is my child excelling? How can I support this success?
- What do you think is giving my child the most trouble? How can I help my child improve in this area?
- What can I do to help my child with upcoming work?
Common Core FAQs
The following Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) are intended to help you better understand the Common Core State Standards.
Q. What is the national initiative for Common Core State Standards?
A. The Council of Chief State School Officers and the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) coordinated the state-led Common Core State Standards initiative. California was one of 46 states that participated in this effort. Because the standards were developed by states in collaboration with one another, they provide common expectations for what students are expected to learn. The final set of CCSS was released in June 2010.
Q. What are the Common Core State Standards?
A. The CCSS address the content areas of English language arts (ELA) and mathematics. The common core ELA standards include literacy standards for history/social studies, science and technical subjects. These kindergarten through 12th grade standards provide a progression of knowledge and skills that prepare students to graduate from high school and be ready for college and careers. The standards are research-based and internationally benchmarked.
Q. Where can I find information about the national initiative for Common Core State Standards?
A. Information about the national initiative for Common Core State Standards is available at: http://www.corestandards.org/.
Q. Why are Common Core State Standards needed?
A. In the past, each state had its own set of standards, and consequently, what students were expected to learn varied from state to state. The initiative is an effort to set a clear and consistent progression of K-12 standards that will prepare students for success in college and their careers. The CCSS articulate the same expectations for all students, regardless of where they live.
Q. What are some of the advantages of having Common Core State Standards?
A. There are many advantages in adopting the Common Core State Standards. This effort provides opportunities to collaborate with other states, reduces costs by pooling resources and articulates internationally benchmarked expectations for student performance. The English language arts and mathematics content standards, which were adopted by California in 1997, were considered to be among the most rigorous in the United States. The CCSS Initiative provided the opportunity to reexamine California’s standards against international benchmarks and the standards of other states. The new CCSS are rigorous, internationally benchmarked, and will prepare students to experience future success in college and careers.
Q. How were English Learner (EL) considerations addressed in the Common Core State Standards?
A. Linguists and experts in EL educational issues were involved in the development of the CCSS for ELA. These individuals assisted in shaping the standards in general, and had a significant impact on the language and vocabulary standards. In recognition of the need for new English language development standards to clarify what knowledge, skills and abilities are needed to help ELs engage with and master next generation standards, including college‐and career‐readiness standards, Assembly Bill 124 was enacted. This bill required that the state’s current California’s English Language Development Standards (CA ELD Standards) be updated, revised, and aligned with by grade level to the state’s ELA standards.
In November 2012, the California State Board of Education adopted new English Language Development Standards that are aligned to California’s Common Core State Standards for ELA and address English language and literacy skills ELs need in key content areas.
A. English-Language Arts: Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts
A. There are more similarities between California’s existing mathematics standards and the new California Common Core Standards than there are differences. Some differences include: a shift in the grade level for some skills, the organization of the standards, and an emphasis on the intellectual behaviors and habits of mind that are used by mathematicians and scientists. These are known as the Standards for Mathematical Practice.
Q. Are there differences between California’s existing English language arts standards and the new California Common Core Standards?
A. Yes. For example, the California Common Core Standards are anchored in the College and Career Readiness standards. The California Common Core Standards focus to a greater extent on text complexity, address reading and writing across the curriculum, emphasize informational text, and focus on writing arguments and drawing evidence from sources. The California Common Core Standards build on California’s existing standards in reading foundations.
Q. How are Common Core State Standards different from what is currently being taught?
A. Common Core Standards are more similar to the previous standards than they are different. The differences are that some standards are taught at different grade levels than in the past. There is also more of an emphasis on learning concepts in depth and to mastery rather than covering a little bit of information about a large number of standards.
Q. What are some examples of how Common Core State Standards will impact my child’s education?
A. In English Language Arts, one example is that, over time, students will be able to read, comprehend, and analyze more sophisticated text. A teacher may encourage your child to choose books that are written at a more challenging level. Also, you may notice more frequent writing assignments. This includes more writing within core subjects of science and history/social science.
In mathematics, parents may see their students making drawings or models to illustrate or demonstrate their solutions to problems. While the learning of math facts (for instance, “times tables”) is still important, students will spend more time working through a solution to a “real-life” problem rather than repeatedly practicing the same type of problem. (A “real-life” problem might involve designing alternative shapes for a rabbit pen enclosure if given a limited amount of fencing.)
Q. How is this going to help my child?
A. These new standards will improve your child’s writing and math skills. They will be more prepared for high stake tests such as SATs and ACTs and the expectations of college and career. These standards are better aligned with international expectations, helping your child be ready to compete in a 21st century global marketplace.
Q. How is RUSD Implementing the Common Core State Standards?
A. The Rocklin Unified School District is committed to making the transition to the CCSS as smooth as possible for students and teachers. With that in mind, the District began making the shift to the CCSS at the end of the 2011-2012 school year. With support from the Placer County Office of Education, school site teams have been training in implementation of both Math and ELA common core standards.
Q. What can parents do to help their child?
A. For English Language Arts parents can encourage their students to read more, especially non-fiction or informational (e.g., newspaper articles, hobby articles, biographies, historical accounts, etc). Ask them to read to you out loud. Talk to them about what they read.
For mathematics, invite your student to show you what they learned in class today. Have them work out problems in front of you, talking you through what they are doing, step by step. Ask them if they can explain why they use these steps. Try to help them see connections between the math they are learning and real life problems. Show them how and when you are using math similar to what they are learning.
Q. How does CCSS impact California’s Standardized Tests?
A. California’s current system of assessments, the Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) program, also known as California Standards Test or CSTs, are aligned to the state’s previous academic content standards. California’s Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson has recommended a plan that will bring the state’s testing system into alignment with the CCSS by the spring of 2015.
This plan includes a shift from paper-and-pencil tests to computerized assessments starting in the 2014‒15 school year. The new assessments were designed to meet federal- and state-level accountability requirements and provide teachers and parents with timely and accurate information to measure and track individual student growth.
Included in the State’s recommendations is the suspension of STAR assessments in the spring of 2014, except for the exams that are specifically mandated by the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) or used for the Early Assessment Program (EAP). This would suspend STAR testing of second graders and end-of-course exams at the high-school level.
Between now and the adoption and implementation of Superintendent’s Torlakson’s recommendations, school districts across California will be in a transition period.
Common Core Resources
Resources provide background and answer questions related to CCSS.
A guide, available in English and Spanish, for the CCSS in grades K-8 and two for grades 9-12 (one for English language arts/literacy and one for mathematics) created by the National PTA. The guide includes key items that children should be learning in each grade and activities parents can do at home to support their child's learning.